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What is Dyslexia

Simple Definition

Dyslexia is an inherited condition that makes it extremely difficult to read, write, and spell in your native language despite at least average intelligence.

Revised definition from the International Dyslexia Association
Dyslexia is a neurologically-based, often familial, disorder which interferes with the acquisition and processing of language. Varying in degrees of severity, it is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, in reading, writing, spelling, handwriting, and sometimes in arithmetic.

Research definition used by the National Institutes of Health

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin.

It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition, and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.

These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.
Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.

Cause of Dyslexia

Dyslexia is an inherited condition. Researchers have determined that a gene on the short arm of chromosome #6 is responsible for dyslexia. That gene is dominant, making dyslexia highly heritable. It definitely runs in families.

Dyslexia results from a neurological difference; that is, a brain difference. People with dyslexia have a larger right-hemisphere in their brains than those of normal readers. That may be one reason people with dyslexia often have significant strengths in areas controlled by the right-side of the brain, such as artistic, athletic, and mechanical gifts; 3-D visualization ability; musical talent; creative problem solving skills; and intuitive people skills.

In addition to unique brain architecture, people with dyslexia have unusual "wiring". Neurons are found in unusual places in the brain, and are not as neatly ordered as in non-dyslexic brains.

In addition to unique brain architecture and unusual wiring, studies have shown that people with dyslexia do not use the same part of their brain when reading as other people. Regular readers consistently use the same part of their brain when they read. People with dyslexia do not use that part of their brain, and there appears to be no consistent part used among dyslexic readers.

It is therefore assumed that people with dyslexia are not using the most efficient part of their brain when they read. A different part of their brain has taken over that function.

Bright Solutions for Dyslexia, Inc.
2059 Camden Ave. Suite 186
San Jose, CA 95124

email: info@BrightSolutions.US


Luqman Michel August 5, 2010 at 2:21 PM  

Hi Kak Ungku,
My name is Luqman and I would very much like to share some information on dyslexia. Please write to me at :

You are doing a fantastic job with this site. May God continue guiding you.
Luqman Michel

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About Me

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Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
I was born on March 14, 1966. My nickname is Betty and for this blog just call me Kak Ungku Betty. A former senior corporate officer and now running my own education centre, specialising in early reading using phonemic and phonic techniques. Happily married to my handsome soulmate named Mohamed.

About this blog

This blog will share my knowledge and experiences on how to teach children (from the age of 4 years old) to read using phonemic and phonics techniques. These two techniques in my opinion are also the basis for learning an alphabetic writing system. It's true from my experience, children who have poor developed phonemic awareness and phonics are likely to become poor readers.

Also in this blog we will share activities on how to stimulate children to get ready for reading and writing as well. Keep on reading this blog for more information.

Ceria Membaca & Fun Reading.
Thank you.

Kak Ungku Betty


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